Constant Voltage Reset Circuit

Constant Voltage Reset Circuit

  • Date of Publication 20 May 2003
  • Meeting end date 22 May 2003
  • On page 119-125
  • Location Nuremberg, Germany
  • Conference/Proceedings International Power Conversion & Intelligent Motion, May 2003. PCIM ‘03. Conference Proceedings 2003, Fourty-Seventh International

This paper presents a reset mechanism, which combines the advantages of the active clamp reset and the traditional third wire reset technique. In this concept the reset voltage is constant similar to the third wire reset, wherein a constant voltage is applied to the transformer during the reset cycle. The technology has several key advantages from the active clamp reset mechanism. The energy contained in the leakage and magnetizing inductance is recycled, and the voltage across the main switch is clamped. In addition to this, the flux through the transformer is symmetrical to zero and the duty cycle can be higher than 50%, similar to the active clamp circuit. Though this circuit contains most of the active clamp circuit’s key features it does not exhibit its limitations. One of the drawbacks of the active clamp circuit is its behavior during transients wherein the duty cycle changes. During transients, until the reset capacitor charges to its optimum level, the voltage across the switch may reach uncontrollable levels. In this reset technique the voltage across the switch is constant regardless of the duty cycle and reacts to transients without any limitations. In addition to this the implementation is very simple; it does not require any additional driving and timing circuits for the reset switch. The reset switch is driven directly form the transformer by a driving winding and the reset voltage can be easily adjusted by a resistor divider. Using this technology a DC-DC converter was implemented, providing 1.2 V @ 20A, from an input voltage range of 36 V to 60 reaching an efficiency of 86% at full load. Another application of this technology in a 1/8 brick DC-DC Converter is also presented.